Nymphalidae: Brushfoot Butterflies

Subfamily Libytheinae — Snouts

Link Butterfly and host plant
Link to Libytheana carinenta streckeri page Libytheana carinenta streckeri - American Snout
Hackberry Trees (Celtis spp.)

Subfamily Danainae — Monarchs

Link to Danaus plexippus monarch page Danaus plexippus - Monarch
Milkweeds (Asclepias) inc. curassavica, speciosa, fascicularis, tuberosa, californica, subulata, eriocarpa
Link to Danaus gilippus thersippus page - Queen butterflies Danaus gilippus thersippus - Striated Queen
Milkweeds (Asclepias ssp.) inc. curassavica, fascicularis, tuberosa, subulata

Subfamily Limentidinae — Admirals and relatives

Link Butterfly and host plant
Link to Limenitis lorquini lorquini page Limenitis lorquini lorquini - Lorquin's Admiral
Willows, Poplars, Cottonwoods, others
Link to Liminitis lorquini powelli page Limenitis lorquini powelli - 'Powell's' Lorquin's Admiral
Willows, Poplars, Cottonwoods, others
Link to Adelpha eulalia page Adelpha eulalia - Arizona Sister
Oaks, likely Canyon Oak (Quercus chrysolepis) in CA.
Link to Adelpha californica page Adelpha californica - California Sister
Quercus chrysolepis, Coast Live Oak (Q. agrifolia)
Others
Limenitis arthemis arizonensis appears to be a rare stray to our side of the CA/AZ border.
Limenitis archippus obsoleta - the Viceroy - may be extirpated from CA parts of the Colorado River.

Subfamily Heliconiinae — Heliconians and Fritillaries

Link Butterfly and host plant
Link to Agraulis vanillae incarnata page - Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae incarnata - Western Gulf Fritillary
Passionflower vines (Passiflora spp.)
No photos yet Boloria epithore sierra - Western Meadow/Pacific Fritillary
Violets
Link to Speyeria coronis semiramis page Speyeria coronis semiramis - "Semiramis' Coronis Fritillary
Violets
Link to Speyeria coronis hennei page Speyeria coronis hennei - 'Henne's' Coronis Fritillary
Violets
link to Speyeria zerene monticola page Speyeria zerene monticola - Zerene Fritillary
Violets
Link to Speyeria callippe comstocki page Speyeria callippe comstocki - 'Comstock's' Callippe Fritillary
Violets
Link to Speyeria callippe macaria page Speyeria callippe macaria - 'Macaria' Callippe Fritillary
Violets
No photos yet Speyeria callippe laurina - Unsilvered Macaria Fritillary
Violets
Link to page with photographs of Speyeria egleis egleis Speyeria egleis egleis - Great Basin Fritillary
Violets
No photos yet Speyeria adiaste clemencei - Clemence's Fritillary
Violets - SLO Co.
Link to Speyeria hydaspe viridicornis page Speyeria hydaspe viridicornis - Greenhorn Hydaspe Fritillary
Violets
Link to Speyeria mormonia mormonia page Speyeria mormonia mormonia - Mormon Fritillary
Violets
Others
Euptoieta claudia is a rare stray to southern California but is common in much of AZ.
Speyeria egleis tehachapina and Speyeria adiaste atossa are apparently extinct. No records since 1998 and 1960, respectively.

Subfamily Nymphalinae — True Brushfoots

Link Butterfly and host plant
Link to Vanessa virginiensis page Vanessa virginiensis - American Lady
Pseudognaphlium inc. biolettii, californicum, canescens, other Composites usually but not exclusively. Licorice (Helichrysum petiolare) in the garden.
Link to Vanessa cardui page - Painted Lady butterfly Vanessa cardui - Painted Lady
Thistles, Nettles, Mallows, Fiddleneck, et al. Even Lupines.
Link to Vanessa annabella page Vanessa annabella - West Coast Lady
Mallows inc. Hollyhocks, Checkerbloom
Link to Vanessa atalanta rubria page Vanessa atalanta rubria - Red Admiral
Nettles (inc. Baby's Tears in gardens) and Hops
Link to Aglais milberti subpallida page Nymphalis milberti subpallida - Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)
Link to Nymphalis californica californica page Nymphalis californica californica - California Tortoiseshell
Ceanothus
Link to Nymphalis antiopa page Nymphalis antiopa - Mourning Cloak
Willows, Cottonwoods, Elms
Link to Polygonia satyrus page Polygonia satyrus - Satyr Comma
Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)
Link to Polygonia gracilis zephyrus page Polygonia gracilis zephyrus - Hoary Comma
Currants (Ribes)
Link to Junonia coenia grisea page Junonia coenia grisea - 'Gray' Common Buckeye
Scrophulariaceae such as Plantain, Monkeyflowers, Snapdragons
Link to Junonia genoveva nigrosuffusa page Junonia genoveva nigrosuffusa - Tropical Buckeye
Speedwell, Monkeyflower
no photos yet Euphydryas editha editha - Edith's Checkerspot
no photos yet Euphydryas editha insularis - Edith's Checkerspot
Link to Euphydryas editha augustina page Euphydryas editha augustina - 'August' Edith's Checkerspot
Child's Blue Eyed Mary (Collinsia childii), Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja affinis)
Link to Euphydryas editha quino page - the Quino checkerspot Euphydryas editha quino - Quino Checkerspot
Dwarf Plantain (Plantago erecta), Wooly Plantain (Plantago patagonica), White Snapdragon (Antirrhinum coulterianum), Bird's Beak (Cordylanthus rigidus)
Link to Euphydryas editha ehrlichi page Euphydryas editha ehrlichi - Ehrlich's Checkerspot
Mojave Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja plagiotoma)
No photos yet, only the description and information about Euphydryas editha luestherae Euphydryas editha luestherae - LuEsther's Checkerspot
Pedicularis species
Link to Euphydryas chalcedona chalcedona page Euphydryas chalcedona chalcedona - Chalcedon or Variable Checkerspot
Mostly plants in the Scrophulariaceae family, including species of Keckellia, Monkey Flower and Penstemons.
no photos yet Euphydryas chalcedona kingstonensis - Desert Mountain Checkerspot
Keckiella antirrhinoides microphyllum
Link to Euphydryas chalcedona corralensis Euphydryas chalcedona corralensis - Rock Corral Checkerspot
Keckiella antirrhinoides microphyllum
Link to Euphydryas chalcedona hennei page Euphydryas chalcedona hennei - 'Henne's' Chalcedon Checkerspot
Desert Bushpenstemon (Keckiella antirrhinoides), Wooly Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja foliolosa)
Link to Euphydryas chalcedona olancha page Euphydryas chalcedona olancha - Olancha Checkerspot
Scrophulariaceae family inc. Keckiella parviflora
No photos yet Chlosyne leanira elegans - 'Elegant' Leanira Checkerspot
Paintbrush (Castilleja spp.) - coastal dunes in SLO and SBarb Cos.
Link to Chlosyne leanira wrighti page Chlosyne leanira wrighti - 'Wright's' Leanira Checkerspot
Paintbrush (Castilleja spp.)
No photos yet Chlosyne leanira alma - 'Alma' Leanira Checkerspot
Paintbrush (Castilleja spp.)
Link to Chlosyne californica page Chlosyne californica - California Patch
Desert Sunflower (Viguiera deltoidea), Parish Viguiera (Viguiera parishii)
Link to Chlosyne lacinia crocale page Chlosyne lacinia crocale - Bordered Patch
Parish Viguiera (Viguiera parishii), Western Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
Link to Chlosyne acastus neumoegeni page Chlosyne acastus neumoegeni - 'Neumoegen's' Sagebrush Checkerspot
Desert Aster
Link to Chlosyne gabbii gabbii page Chlosyne gabbii gabbii - Gabb's Checkerspot
Asters such as Cudweed Aster, Sawtooth Goldenbush, Telegraph Weed
no photos yet Chlosyne gabbii atrifasciata - Gabb's Checkerspot
Haplopappus canus and Corethrogyne filaginifolia mentioned in original description; Santa Cruz and Anacapa Islands
Link to Chlosyne palla australomontana page Chlosyne palla australomontana - Northern Checkerspot
Asters, Rabbitbrush
Link to Dymasia dymas imperialis page Dymasia dymas imperialis - Tiny Checkerspot
Chuperosa (Justicia californica)
Link to Phyciodes mylitta mylitta page Phyciodes mylitta mylitta - Mylitta Crescent
Thistles (Cirsium), some other Asters
Link to Phyciodes pulchella pulchella page Phyciodes pulchella pulchella - Field Crescent
Western Lance-leaf Aster (Aster lanceolatus var. hesperius)
Others
Athanassa texana texana is a rare stray to southern California.
Asterocampa celtis appears to be a stray as well, though it may use Hackberry in the E. Mojave and was found in Death Valley in 2012.
Phyciodes tharos tharos may be extirpated from its former haunts in Imperial and Riverside Cos.
Phyciodes phaon jalapeno has disappeared from some, perhaps all, of its known habitat. Status along Colorado River unknown. KD has no records in nearly 30 years.
Ken Davenport lists unnamed segregates for a So. Sierra Nev. population of Phyciodes pulchella; a Euphydryas editha Sherman Pass high elevation population; and a Walker Pass population of editha as well in the Emmel update publication.

Subfamily Satyrinae — Satyrs

Link Butterfly and host plant
Link to Coenonympha tullia california page Coenonympha tullia california - 'California' Common Ringlet
Grasses
No photos yet Cercyonis pegala australosierra - Southern Sierra Common Wood-Nymph
Grasses
no photos yet Cercyonis sthenele masoni - 'Mason's' Great Basin Wood Nymph (E. Mojave; Nev.)
Grasses
Link to Cercyonis sthenele behrii page Cercyonis sthenele behrii - 'Behr's' Great Basin Wood Nymph
Grasses
no photos yet Cercyonis sthenele hypoleuca - Great Basin Wood Nymph
Grasses; Santa Cruz Island
Others
Ken Davenport mentions a mysterious Santa Barbara Co. population of Cercyonis pegala that is undescribed.
 

©Dennis Walker