Icaricia monticola monticola

Monticola Blue (formerly Lupine blue)

The type locality for monticola is Pasadena (Victor Clemence collected them from the "Arroyo Seco" in 1907 - a lectotype has been designated), and my photos from up San Gabriel Canyon - not far from there - match the type specimens very well. That's a good reference point, but these will look a bit different to the south or the north. What we were long calling Plebejus/icaricia lupini monticola is now understood to be a different species from I. lupini chlorina. There are places where the two entities both fly (as in the Tehachapis), monticola flying earlier and using fasciculatum, and chlorina flying next using umbellatum. According to John Emmel (pers. comm), chlorina larvae are still eating in May while monticola is flying in the Tehachapis. Ken Davenport, in his Kern-Tulare publication, also mentions lower elevation monticola on fasciculatum flying earlier than the mid-June to July chlorina on umbellatum at higher elevations; he mentions worn monticola flying with fresh chlorina.

Males are much more blue on the dorsal side, females more brown. The orange aurora is bolder than in acmon blues and will have a dark edging. Acmon blues are also smaller than monticola. Both monticola and chlorina fly in one brood per year and are very much associated with their particular host buckwheat, while acmon is multiple-brooded and can be found much of the year in many places using many different larval food plants.

Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Lupine Blue
The distinctive, beautiful female Icaricia monticola. Sunset Peak, San Gabriel Mountains. June 19, 2019.
Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Blue
Another female monticola Blue. West Fork, San Gabriel Mountains. May 6, 2006.
Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Lupine Blue
This is a male monticola, along the Angeles Crest Highway in the San Gabriels. These are noticeably larger than the acmon they may be flying with, and both the sky blue and deep orange hues are distintive. May 15, 2007.
Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Blue
Ventral (underside) of a monticola blue. San Gabriels, May 6, 2006.
Photo of a female Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Blue
This female is from Frazier Park, near the Fire Station where there is a lot of California buckwheat. May 20, 2021.
photo of a male Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Blue
Male from the same hike as the female above.
ventral side of Icaricia monticola - 'Clemence's' Blue
Ventral, same day. They were flying even while the host California buckwheat plants were not yet in bloom.

©Dennis Walker